OpenAI GPT4 is considered the latest iteration of the GPT model, known for its advanced capabilities. GPT-3 saw a significant performance improvement compared to its predecessor, GPT-2. If GPT4 can continue this trend, it will represent a significant advancement in AI technology. It is expected to be available shortly, with a possible release date in early 2023.
As of the current date, the technical specifications of GPT4 are yet to be made publicly available by OpenAI, the company responsible for its development. While information about OpenAI GPT4 is limited, this article aims to provide a comprehensive summary of what is known about the model.
GPT, or Generative Pre-trained Transformer, is a type of advanced text generation model trained using vast amounts of internet data. The goal of GPT is to produce text that is similar to what a human might write. In other words, it’s designed to generate text that is not only grammatically correct but also coherent and coherently written.
In simple terms, GPT can generate written content, like articles, stories, or even poetry, using the large amounts of text data it has been trained on. This can revolutionize how we create written content, from automating mundane writing tasks to generating new and unique ideas. This is why GPT is considered one of the most powerful and promising AI models in natural language processing. Imagine GPT as a tool for instant intelligence at your disposal. You can utilize it whenever you encounter a challenge that requires human involvement.
The potential uses of GPT models are vast and varied. They can be applied to answering questions, summarizing text, translating languages, classifying content, and even generating code. Some experts believe that GPT or a similar AI model could replace search engines like Google in the future.
GPT also presents a wealth of opportunities for businesses. By fine-tuning the model using specific data, it is possible to achieve exceptional results in a particular field (a technique known as transfer learning). This means that startups and larger companies can use GPT as a foundation for their products, saving them the time and resources required to train their AI models.
Before GPT-1, most Natural Language Processing (NLP) models were specifically trained for specific tasks such as classification, translation, etc. They were all based on supervised learning, which has two major limitations: a lack of labeled data and an inability to generalize to other tasks.
In 2018, the GPT-1 model, with 117 million parameters, was introduced in the paper “Improving Language Understanding by Generative Pre-Training.” The paper proposed a generative language model that was trained using unlabelled data and then fine-tuned for specific tasks such as classification and sentiment analysis.
In 2019, the GPT-2 model was introduced, “Language Models are Unsupervised Multitask Learners,” with 1.5 billion parameters. It was trained on a larger dataset and with more parameters to create an even more powerful language model. GPT-2 uses task conditioning, Zero-Shot Learning, and Zero-Short Task Transfer to enhance performance.
In 2020, GPT-3 was introduced in the paper “Language Models are Few-Shot Learners” with 175 billion parameters, 100 times more than GPT-2. It was trained on an even bigger dataset to perform well on various tasks. GPT-3 produced human-like writing, SQL queries, python scripts, language translations, and summarization, surprising the world. It achieved state-of-the-art results using In-context learning, few-shot, one-shot, and zero-shot settings. If you want to learn more about GPT-3 language model, our recent article can help you to find insights on Getting Started with GPT-3 Model.
In AI, a parameter is a variable specific to each model and is used to make predictions. Let’s look at some parameter and model features of OpenAI GPT4.
The number of parameters an AI model has is a widely accepted measure of its performance. According to the Scaling Hypothesis, language modeling performance improves consistently and predictably as the model size, data, and computational power increase. This is why many AI model creators have focused on increasing the number of parameters in their models.
OpenAI GPT4 has been following a strategy of “bigger is better” since the release of GPT-1 in 2018. GPT-1 had 117 million parameters, GPT-2 had 1.2 billion parameters, and GPT-3 raised the bar even higher with 175 billion parameters, making it 100 times larger than GPT-2. With 175 billion parameters, GPT-3 model is considered very large.
In an interview with Wired in August 2021, Andrew Feldman, the founder, and CEO of Cerebras, a company that works with OpenAI to train the GPT model, stated that GPT4 is expected to have around 100 trillion parameters. This suggests that OpenAI GPT4 could be even more powerful than GPT-3, with 100x more parameters.
The number of parameters in OpenAI GPT4, estimated at 100 trillion, is a conservative estimate compared to the number of neural connections in the human brain, which is also in the trillions. This suggests that GPT4 could be on par with the human brain’s complexity and capacity.
It’s important to note that model size does not necessarily indicate the quality of its results. The number of parameters does not directly correspond to an AI model’s performance. It is just one factor contributing to the model’s performance. Currently, there are AI models that are larger than GPT-3, but they do not necessarily have the best performance. For example, the Megatron-Turing NLG developed by Nvidia and Microsoft has more than 500 billion parameters and is the largest model currently available. However, it is not necessarily the best in terms of performance. Sometimes, smaller models can achieve higher performance levels.
It’s also worth considering that as a model increases in size, it becomes increasingly expensive to fine-tune. GPT-3 was already challenging and costly to train, so if the model size were to be increased by 100 times, it would require a huge amount of computational power and training data, making it extremely expensive.
It’s unlikely that OpenAI will have 100 trillion parameters in GPT4, as simply increasing the number of parameters will not significantly improve unless the training data is also increased proportionally. Larger models also tend to be less optimized, as exemplified by Megatron-Turing NLG. The cost of training these models is very high, and companies often have to make trade-offs between model accuracy and the cost of training. For example, GPT-3 was trained only once, and despite errors in the model, OpenAI could not retrain it due to the high cost.
This implies that OpenAI may shift away from the “bigger is better” strategy and focus more on the model’s overall quality. GPT4 will probably have a similar size to GPT-3.
OpenAI may change its focus from just making bigger models to other things that can improve model performance, like new algorithms and better data alignment. OpenAI GPT4 might be the first big AI model that uses sparsity, which helps reduce the cost of computing. Sparse models only use some neurons simultaneously, so they can have many parameters without costing too much. They also help the model understand the context better, as it can keep more options for “next word/sentence” based on what the user says. This makes sparse models more like human thinking compared to previous models.
DeepMind has recently found that the number of training tokens significantly determines a model’s performance as much as the model’s size. They demonstrated this by training Chinchilla, a 70B model four times smaller than Gopher but with four times more data than other large language models like GPT-3.
OpenAI will likely focus on increasing the number of training tokens by an estimated 5 trillion to create a more computationally efficient model. It will take 10-20 times more FLOPs than GPT-3 to train the model and achieve minimal loss.
AI models can either be text-only or multimodal. Text-only models only accept the text as input and produce text as output. An example of this is GPT-3. On the other hand, multimodal models can accept multiple input forms, such as text, audio, images, and videos. This allows for the generation of audio-visual content using AI. As the world becomes increasingly multimodal, multimodality is seen as the future of AI. An example of a multimodal model is DALL-E.
Building a good multimodal model is more challenging than creating a good language-only model, as multimodal models must combine text and visual information into a single representation. From what we know, OpenAI seems to be exploring the limitations of language-only models, and they will likely continue to do so with GPT4. Therefore, OpenAI GPT4 will probably be a text-only model.
Currently, there is very little official information from OpenAI regarding the release or timelines for developing GPT4. It is not even confirmed that OpenAI is working on GPT4, and if they are, it would likely take several years to develop, test, and refine the model before it is released. It is important to note that developing AI models like GPT4 is a complex and time-consuming process that requires significant resources.
Considering business perspectives, OpenAI GPT4 could possibly help businesses to improve customer satisfaction and increase sales by providing more accurate and personalized recommendations, content, and interactions. However, machine learning models like OpenAI GPT4 are only as good as the data they are trained on, and the quality of the output they generate will depend on the quality of the data used to train them. Since GPT-3 is relatively recent and still achieving success, it will likely be some time before any further iteration of the GPT series is announced. Until then, we can contemplate the development of upcoming powerful and versatile AI models.